Parts used: Leaves
Analgesic, anti-catarrhal, antispasmodic, antitussive, astringent, demulcent, diuretic, expectorant, mucilant, vulnerary
Calcium, iron, potassium, sulfur, vitamins A, B-complex, and D
Traditionally, mullein is well known for its use in treating respiratory disorders such as asthma, bronchitis, coughs, tuberculosis and congestion. It can help loosen mucus from the respiratory and lymphatic systems. It nourishes and strengthens the lungs. Other uses of mullein include to relieve pain, soothe hemorrhoids, treat burns and bruises and to induce sleep. It has a calming effect on inflamed tissues and irritated nerves. Mullein helps control coughs, cramps and spasms. The tea has been used for dropsy, sinusitis, swollen joints and can be applied to mumps, tumors, a sore throat and tonsillitis. Though mullein has been used traditionally for centuries, little is known of the healing components of the herb.
Modern research has found that the saponins, mucilage and tannins contribute to the soothing topical effect of the plant. These properties are ideal for treating lung ailments, coughs, colds, asthma, whooping cough and emphysema. Mullein is also suggested for pain, as a sleep aid, a laxative, and to get rid of warts. One study found that mullein inhibits the growth of bacteria known to cause tuberculosis.